Clean Water Act (CWA)In 1972, Congress passed the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments "to restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity" of the Nation's waters. The Clean Water Act (CWA) is a 1977 amendment to the Federal Water Pollution Control Act of 1972. The CWA set the basic structure for regulating discharges of pollutants to waters of the U.S.
National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES)The NPDES permit program was introduced in 1972 and regulates discharges to "waters of the U.S." Any discharge from a "point source" into a "waters of the U.S." must have an NPDES permit. Stormwater discharges are regulated by NPDES permits. NPDES permits contains limits on allowed discharges, monitoring and reporting requirements, and other provisions to ensure that discharges do not harm water quality or public health. See EPA website for additional information
Idaho Transportation Division of Highways (ITD) has coverage under three different types of NPDES permits, including:
- Construction General Permit (CGP) - Construction activities that disturb greater than one acre of land and have the potential to discharge stormwater to a waters of the U.S.
- Municipal Separate Storm Sewer Systems (MS4)- Stormwater drainage from roads or property that drain into stormwater conveyance systems owned by the state, a city, a town, a village, a public university, a public hospital, a military base, a correctional facility or other public entity that discharges to waters of the U.S.
- Multi-Sector General Permit (MSGP)- Industrial activities that have the potential to discharge stormwater to a waters of the U.S., including sand and gravel mining. All EPA covered industrial activities are listed in Appendix D of the MSGP.